Posted: July 07, 2011
Catch a cue
The dangers of selective listeningBy Julie Hansen
I was standing in line for coffee the other day when I noticed the enthusiastic barista greeting everyone ahead of me with the same question: "How are you doing today?!" Most people responded with some variation of, "fine." To which he would reply, "Great! I'm glad you're having a fantastic day!" When the person in front of me mumbled a less than enthusiastic "okay," and she was still met with a, "I'm glad you're having a fantastic day!" I sensed that he wasn't really listening. When it came to my turn I decided to check my hunch. When asked how I was, I sighed, "could be better." Sure enough I was commended for having a "fantastic" day.
While this is an extreme example of poor listening, in a goal-oriented society, many of us take occasional shortcuts when it comes to listening. We practice selective listening (responding to what we expect to hear) or partial listening (dipping in and out of a conversation without being fully engaged.) In our haste to tell our story, some people (salespeople especially) even approach listening as the act of "waiting to speak."
Listening is a critical component of any relationship - business or personal. In his book Spin Selling, Neil Rackham proposed that good sellers were not necessarily the best talkers, but they were often the best listeners. The difference between real or "active" listening and "waiting to speak" is best illustrated on stage where an actor's response is dependent upon picking up cues.
When an actor got a part in acting's early days, instead of receiving the entire script, she would get a copy of her "sides:" pieces of the play which included the actor's lines and only a sentence fragment or word of her scene partner's lines to cue her response. She would then memorize her lines without really knowing what she was responding to. Imagine receiving these sides and trying to make sense of your scene.
Your line: "I need to have an answer."
Cue: "...by the fountain."
Your line: "Charles can't find about this."
Cue: "...so long."
Your line: "It's decided then."
Arriving at the first rehearsal the actor would be so focused on listening for their cue, they would fail to take in what was actually being said to them. Similarly as sellers we can get so focused on listening for common buyer "cues" that we don't take in the full meaning of what is being said.
The dangers of selective listening are many: What if your prospect doesn't give you the cue you're expecting? What if the cue is non-verbal? What if you aren't paying attention and miss your cue entirely? Your prospect might re-state his response if it's obvious you've missed. Then again, he might just check out and give his business to someone who he feels is really attempting to listen to him.
Active listening takes effort. It requires slowing down and processing what the other person has said before throwing out our lines. Active listening is compelling to watch. Some of film's greatest moments are when an actor is simply listening. The 2006 Best Foreign Language Academy Award winner, The Lives of Others is a great example of this. I encourage you to see it if you get the chance.
Award-winning actor Ulrich Mühe plays a Stasi officer in 1984 East Berlin assigned to spy on fellow German citizens by listening to wiretaps that have been placed in their apartment. Scene after scene shows him at his desk listening to private conversations between a couple to whom, simply by listening, he becomes indelibly connected. He is captivated and therefore captivating. The great actress and teacher, Uta Hagen calls it: "listening with your entire being."
We intuitively know when someone is fully engaged and actively listening to us or checked out and waiting for their cue. So how do you make sure you're actively listening?
1. Turn off your filter. Don't anticipate, project or interrupt.
2. Stay present for the entire response--even if you think you've heard it before. Listen for new information.
3. Don't tune out the negative or assume a "false positive" because you really need the sale.
4. Listen to not only what is said, but how it's said.
5. Listen to the whole package. If words seem incongruent with body language or facial expressions, check it out.
Active listening can open us up to new opportunities and insights that may not have otherwise become apparent to us. And as a salesperson, the more you focus on listening, the more you'll start hearing the word "yes!"
Julie Hansen is a speaker, a consultant and the author of ACT Like a Sales Pro, a finalist for “Top Sales and Marketing Book of 2011.” (CareerPress) Through her work with Fortune 500 companies, non-profits and sales teams of all sizes, Hansen provides fresh, effective strategies for engaging and selling to busy decision-makers using the power of the performer. Julie and her work have been featured on NBC and in publications across the globe, including Selling Power and Entrepreneur Magazine, South Africa. Learn more at www.actlikeasalespro.com. Connect with Julie on Facebook or LinkedIn.