Posted: July 28, 2009
Colorado’s slice of Treasury’s $3 billion renewable energy pie
A tax primer for Treasury's grant guidelinesAdam Cohen
On July 9, the Department of Treasury issued guidance regarding how applications are to be submitted to obtain cash grants in lieu of the investment tax credit for renewable energy projects. The guidance also clarified how the Treasury, in cooperation with the Department of Energy, will interpret various parts of the statute governing these cash grants. The Treasury issued a press release, a 20-page package of guidance, an application template and the terms and conditions to which grant recipients will be required to agree.
While the Treasury expects 5,000 projects nationwide to apply and receive approximately $3 billion in grants, one might expect a decent portion of these projects (and these grants) to be located in Colorado, given the renewable energy standard required by law and the large portions of Colorado that have good wind, solar, geothermal and hydropower potential.
The guidance had some very helpful information, but left many open questions. Among other things, the guidance clarified that the Treasury would make payments 60 days from the later of the project’s placement in service or when the Treasury received a completed application, and that a completed application cannot be received by Treasury until the project has been placed in service.
However, there are lingering questions regarding whether “placement in service” will have the same meaning as under tax law or some new meaning, whether applications can be submitted before placement in service on projects that are anticipated to be completed by Dec. 31, 2010 (if it is possible that they may not meet that deadline), whether payments will be made as each unit of property -- such as a wind turbine -- is placed in service or whether the Treasury will wait for all units of property that are part of a larger group -- such as a wind farm -- to be placed into service.
The guidance also provided a useful safe harbor as to when construction begins. To qualify for the grant, the project must be placed in service before Jan. 1, 2011 or construction must begin before Jan. 1, 2011 (and, in the latter case, the project must be placed in service before various dates that depend on the type of project). The safe harbor requires the applicant to incur or pay, depending on the applicant’s method of accounting, 5 percent of the total costs of the project. While questions remain, this will be a useful target.
For projects that will utilize a leasing structure, the guidance provides helpful rules for establishing these structures to allow either the lessor or lessee to obtain the grant. In particular, the Treasury provided that, if the lessee will be paid the grant, the grant amount will be based on the “independently assessed fair market value” of the project but the lessee will be required to pay tax on 50 percent of the amount of the payment over the five-year recapture period.
As to recapture, the guidance provided a rule that is more favorable than what is applicable to the investment tax credit. The investment tax credit is recaptured if, during the first five years after placement in service, the property ceases to be investment tax credit property or the property is disposed of or the taxpayer’s interest in the property is disposed of -- regardless of the identity of the recipient).
For the grant, the Treasury stated that recapture would only occur if the property ceases to be eligible for the grant or the property (or an interest in the property) is disposed of to a party that would have been ineligible to receive the grant. Additionally, the guidance makes no mention of any requirement that interest or penalties will be applicable upon repayment of the grant (although it is not clear that they are entirely off the table).
Adam Cohen is a partner in Holland & Hart’s Denver office. His practice emphasizes the tax aspects of structuring the formation, acquisition, disposition, operation and liquidation of businesses, including bankruptcy restructurings, of all sizes in a variety of industries, including manufacturing, health care, retailing, advanced technology, oil and gas, agricultural, finance and real estate. He provides advice on renewable energy and low-income housing tax credit projects. He provides advice to a number of funds focused on investing in various sectors of the economy, including hedge funds, venture capital funds and real estate funds. His practice has also involved direct negotiations with the Internal Revenue Service in connection with the attainment of tax-exempt status for community foundations and charitable entities, as well as negotiations in connection with tax controversies. He can be reached at 303-295-8372 or firstname.lastname@example.org.