7 items your restaurant needs in its sexual harassment policy
Take note of this information ahead of Sexual Assault Awareness Month in April
Did you know that more sexual harassment claims are filed in the restaurant industry than in any other industry? As many as 90% of women and 70% of men in the industry reportedly experience some form of sexual harassment, according to the Harvard Business Review.
With Sexual Assault Awareness Month (SAAM) in April, it’s time to develop new restaurant and bar policies and take a harder look at existing ones.
Society Insurance, which specializes in insurance policies for restaurants and bars, has put together seven items restaurants should include in their sexual harassment policy.
1. Definition of sexual harassment in the workplace.
Your policy must include a clear definition of what constitutes sexual harassment. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has clear guidelines online to use in your policy. Discuss different scenarios and give various examples of what constitutes sexual harassment or does not constitute sexual harassment. Employees may have a different idea of what is considered sexual harassment.
Your sexual harassment policy should be thorough and expansive. Include who is expected to abide by the sexual harassment policy. What if an incident occurs outside of the restaurant/bar? What if the incident is after working hours? Be as detailed as possible.
3. Internal complaint procedure.
This section should discuss how management and/or HR will handle the sexual harassment complaint, step-by-step. Discuss all of the phases of the procedure including investigation, resolutions and appeals. Every situation is unique so this section shouldn’t be too detailed, but rather cover the steps of addressing, documenting, and completing the procedure.
4. How to file a complaint with the EEOC, if desired.
Whether an employee is the victim of sexual harassment or a witness to an incident, it is critical that the employer provide steps for filing a sexual harassment complaint. According to the EEOC, “Although the law doesn’t prohibit simple teasing, offhand comments, or isolated incidents that are not very serious, harassment is illegal when it is so frequent or severe that it creates a hostile or offensive work environment or when it results in an adverse employment decision (such as the victim being fired or demoted).”
5. Employee rights. Each state has its own specific harassment rights requirements. In some states, like Illinois, all employers must provide sexual harassment prevention training to all employees within the state each year, while restaurant and bar owners have industry-specific training, which must be provided in both English and Spanish.
However, Colorado has no state requirements, but “encourages all employers to take necessary steps to prevent sexual harassment, including sensitizing employees to sexual harassment issues.” State legislation continues to make revisions to sexual harassment laws, so it’s important for Colorado business owners to keep up with changing Colorado laws. Each state’s specific requirements for 2021 can be found here.
6. Retaliation procedures. Individuals who have been subjected to sexual harassment or witnessed it must know they have protection against later vengeful acts. Reaffirm that every employee has a duty to report. Outline what you will do to keep those who report safe and reassure them that their job will be safe.
7. Disciplinary action. Explain the disciplinary process for your restaurant/bar. For example, does a first-time offender who made inappropriate jokes receive a verbal warning? Are second-time offenders demoted, transferred, or fired? Explain the process and potential outcomes.
If you don’t know where to start in creating a policy, we recommend ServSafe’s Sexual Harassment Prevention for the Restaurant Industry program to help create a harassment-free workplace. Most importantly, it is in your best interest to consult with an attorney in your state to review and discuss your sexual harassment policy in detail before rolling out to employees.
Sexual harassment should not be considered as just “part of the job.” Besides the obvious trauma that can accompany sexual harassment, research has shown harassment in the workplace increases employee stress, anxiety, burnout and turnover. Additionally, it’s the employer’s legal obligation to protect their employees from sexual harassment as stated by the EEOC.
Real, tactical plans are the key to addressing and curbing harassment. It starts with business owners and managers to create a safe working environment and lay out a clear path should incidents occur.
Krista Arnhoelter is a senior human resources manager at Society Insurance. Krista oversees the recruiting, benefits, wellness, employee relations, employee engagement, employee development and payroll aspects of human resources at Society. She has earned the PHR and SM certifications. Learn more at societyinsurance.com.